Quick facts about ANZAC

5/04/2011

ANZAC Day is upon us again, so we thought we'd share some interesting and often unknown facts to help more people understand why we observe this national day.

 
Anzac Day• AIF is an abbreviation for Australian Imperial Force.

• There is no town of Gallipoli, it is an area in Turkey.

• Although the ANZACs were on the Gallipoli Peninsula for only 8 months, over 11,000 of them lost their lives there.

• The Gallipoli Peninsula is very near the famous ancient city of Troy.

• The first dawn service on an ANZAC Day was in 1923 and first official dawn service was held at the Sydney Cenotaph in 1927.

• Services are held at dawn because in battle, dawn was the best time to attack the enemy. Soldiers would wake in the dark so at the first signs of light they were alert and awake.

• In 1916, the first anniversary of the landing was observed in Australia, New Zealand and England and by troops serving in Egypt. That year, 25 April was officially named ‘ANZAC Day’ by the Acting Prime Minister, George Pearce.

• The game of two-up is only legal on Anzac Day. It became the soldier’s favourite game during the war.

• Anzac biscuits were created by wives of soldier's who wanted to bake healthy goodies for their men. They lacked egg and milk, so kept for a long time and didn't spoil during transport.

• The 'Last Post' gave one last warning to any soldiers still at large that it was time to retire for the evening.

• The 'Last Post' is incorporated into funeral and memorial services as a final farewell and symbolizes that the duty of the dead is over and that they can rest in peace.


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